Albanian Police Raid Iranian Dissidents Camp

Albanian police on Tuesday raided a camp home to members of an Iranian opposition movement, with local media reporting that the group is suspected of orchestrating cyberattacks against foreign institutions. 

The Ashraf-3 camp northwest of Tirana has been home for a decade to thousands of members of the People’s Mujahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI), exiled opponents of the government in Tehran. 

Police said in a statement they had acted on the orders of the Albanian judiciary due to the “violation of agreements and commitments” made by the group “when they settled in Albania solely for humanitarian purposes.” 

Local media reported that the police operation was part of an investigation into cybercrime and that officers seized computers. 

Media reports said that when police arrived at the camp, hundreds of PMOI members tried to repel the officers. The group accused the police of using pepper spray. 

The PMOI said one person died, but police denied this.  

“During the operation, the police caused no casualties and did not use weapons under any circumstances,” the police statement said, adding that it had launched a probe into the PMOI’s allegations. 

The group also said a dozen of its members were injured during clashes with police. 

Under a U.N. and U.S.-backed deal in 2013 that saw them leave Iraq, the PMOI settled in other countries, including their unlikely home in Albania, a poor Balkan state in southeast Europe.  

Their numbers have grown to around 2,800 people at Ashraf 3, the largest PMOI camp in the world. 

The arrival of the group had raised fears of attacks in Albania.  

In 2022, Tirana cut off diplomatic ties with Tehran, accusing it of carrying out massive cyberattacks against Albania. 

Tehran considers the People’s Mujahedin a terrorist group and has banned it since 1981. 

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